Month: September 2018

Inability to Write Post this Week

Due to an illness earlier this week it has not proved possible to write a post this week. I expect to resume writing them next week and regret the lapse this week.

via Carlin Economics and Science

https://ift.tt/2Q0oDvQ

September 1, 2018 at 02:23AM

AIR POLLUTION – IS IT AS DANGEROUS AS THE GOVERNMENT CLAIM?

Many of the public still accept government statistics as the truth, despite the fact that they were completely wrong over Saddam Hussein’s weapons of mass destruction, as well as the more recent figures showing the economy would suffer a massive hit if we dared to vote to leave the EU.

 Pronouncements on climate change have also been proved wrong, such as the Arctic being free of ice in summer from various dates in the recent past. We who write or visit this blog know better than most of the public and so you will probably not be surprised to hear that the statistics on exhaust gases in the atmosphere are also highly suspect. 

When one government department asks another department to quantify the harm that comes from exhaust emissions, it is reasonable to assume that they are hoping for something that will persuade the public that the drastic and costly policies they propose are essential and so win over their support. A bland report that said " we are unable to quantify the harm caused" would not be at all helpful. Even if they said "we have come up with a figure, but we are very uncertain of it" would be regarded as not much good.

There is a statistic – 40,000 – 50,000 premature deaths caused by exhaust gases per year in the UK. The figure was apparently put out by the UK government’s Department for the Environment Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA). I came across a letter sent by the UK Statistics Authority to DEFRA in February 2017, asking them to justify the figure and to explain how it was reached and to give an indication of its accuracy.

I decided to write and ask if any answer had been given. DEFRA has replied to me, referring me to a report from the Committee on the Medical Effects of Air Pollutants (COMEAP). They also said they would send me a more complete answer in due course.

The COMEAP report is about 130 pages, much of it in statistical language, but I thought it might give up some information that could be understood by a layman, so I started to read it. It soon became clear that the COMEAP committee, consisting of a least twenty highly qualified experts, was not unanimous in its findings. Indeed it was not certain at all, giving caveats that would leave room for much doubt.

Even though they must have been under pressure to reach a scary scenario a minority of the learned experts had the courage to state: "We regard the evidence for a causal effect of exposure to long-term average ambient concentrations of NO2 on the risk of death as too weak and imprecise to be used as a basis for a calculation of the burden imposed on public health in the UK by long-term average ambient concentrations of NO2"

"We think it very likely that basing mortality burden calculations on long-term average ambient concentrations of NO2 will, despite listing caveats, mislead the public into believing that exposure to long-term average ambient concentrations of NO2 is causally associated with an increased risk of death."
The report goes on to say "This is the first time in the lifetime of COMEAP (over 20 years) that it has not proved possible to reach a consensus acceptable to the entire Committee. The lack of consensus in this case is a reflection of the complexity of the issues considered, the weaknesses of the evidence base and the differing views of Members on the level of proof needed to make statements, even if qualified with caveats."  
So there you have it – the highly qualified members of the committee were split, unable to reach a unanimous agreement that between 29,000 and 36,000 (let alone 40,000 to 50,000)  deaths per year are caused by the current levels of exhaust gases including nitrogen dioxide (NO2). 

Now we see that DEFRA has put these figures up even higher to 44,750 – 52,500 deaths per year and added a whole new raft of hypothetical costs based on reams of statistics. So why the new increase in figures? That is a mystery that I am still looking into.



.

  

via climate science

https://ift.tt/2PWgbxp

September 1, 2018 at 02:19AM