Month: January 2019

Colorado Global Warming Update

 

via The Deplorable Climate Science Blog

http://bit.ly/2t2g7lq

January 31, 2019 at 07:24PM

Good Night BONJOUR

Why you’ll be finding few electric cars on the road in winter.

Good Night BONJOUR

Dr. Klaus L.E. Kaiser

The news is about day and night, especially the latter.

BONJOUR, i.e. the company Téo Taxi, a new kind of taxi service in Montreal, Quebec, with the common French term for “Hello” (“Bonjour”), literally meaning “GOOD DAY” on its cars has shut down operation.  Just when demand was rising due the cold temperatures in the city.

When launched in 2015, it was widely viewed as a novel cost-saving alternative to common taxi service operations. The Quebec government and major provincial institutions all jumped on board. The company acquired a fleet of vehicles and paid its (450+) employees fair wages.

Demand for the cab service was good, especially in this cold period of the year. Of course, competition from the other service providers of that kind kept profit margins low. Therefore, it wasn’t exactly a highly profitable enterprise at this time but, as I think, the real problem was a serious and insurmountable issue.

So, what’s the real problem and what caused the company’s failure?

The Problem

Now, its main proponent, entrepreneur Alexandre Taillefer had no choice but to shut down the enterprise. Despite the estimated $30 million of tax dollars plus privately funded capital infusions, estimated at $50+ million (including Taillefer’s personal fortune, estimated at $ 4 million), it couldn’t make it. The competition from other short-haul service companies was just too severe.

At least, that’s what the MSM (main stream media) claim. I have a different view:

The problem was more technical than financial in nature, namely the wrong technology used.

Wrong Technology

BONJOUR’s fleet of a few hundred cars was exclusively “electric cars.”

That (politically correct, hence wrong) “electric idea” was the main cause of its demise.

For brevity, I’ll put it into a bullet form:

  1. Electric vehicles use energy stored in batteries.
  2. Batteries are chemical systems.
  3. By the Laws of Nature, chemical processes are temperature dependent.
  4. Every 10 degrees Celsius (C) in temperature change typical process speeds by a factor of 3.
  5. Hence, between PLUS 25 C (in summer) and MINUS25 C (in winter), reaction speed changes by a factor of roughly 3^5 = 250 or so.
  6. Both speed of charging and discharging of batteries declines with falling at below freezing temperatures.
  7. The charge capacity of Lithium-Ion batteries also declines with lower temperatures.
  8. More frequent recharging needs reduced operating distances and increased overall charging time.
  9. In short, that’s why you’ll be finding few electric cars on the road in winter.

End of story.

Bonne nuit HELLO!

________________________________________

Dr Klaus L E KaiserDr. Klaus L.E. Kaiser is a professional scientist with a Ph.D. in chemistry from the Technical University, Munich, Germany. He has worked as a research scientist and project chief at Environment Canada‘s Canada Centre for Inland Waters for over 30 years and is currently Director of Research at TerraBase Inc. He is author of nearly 300 publications in scientific journals, government and agency reports, books, computer programs, trade magazines, and newspaper articles.

Dr. Kaiser has been president of the International Association for Great Lakes Research, a peer reviewer of numerous scientific papers for several journals, Editor-in-Chief of the Water Quality Research Journal of Canada for nearly a decade, and an adjunct professor. He has contributed to a variety of scientific projects and reports and has made many presentations at national and international conferences.

Dr. Kaiser is author of CONVENIENT MYTHS, the green revolution – perceptions, politics, and facts
convenientmyths.com

Dr. Kaiser can be reached at: mail@convenientmyths.com

The post Good Night BONJOUR appeared first on Ice Age Now.

via Ice Age Now

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January 31, 2019 at 07:02PM

Cold records shattered across the Midwest

Millions across the Midwest endure record cold as temperatures plunge to nearly 50F below zero. The unprecedented froze airline gas lines and led to the collapse of electrical grids. Power outages in parts of Wisconsin and Iowa plunged thousands into darkness (and no heat). The dry, frigid air froze exposed water instantly and in some cases led to spontaneous nosebleeds. Even brief forays outdoors became extremely hazardous.

Cold-related deaths were reported across five states; Wisconsin, Michigan, Minnesota, Illinois and Iowas, including some who froze to death.

Governors in Wisconsin and Michigan declared states of emergency and ordered all state government offices closed; some state agencies in Illinois were closed, as well.

Moline, Illinois, hit a new record low Thursday — the coldest in city history. The thermometer dropped to minus 33F, shattering the old record of minus 28F set in 1996. Rockford, Illinois, hit minus 30F, breaking broke the old record of minus 27F set on Jan. 20, 1982.

In Madison, Wisconsin, the temperatures plunged to minus 24F, with an estimated wind chill of minus 48F.

In Norris Camp, Minnesota, the temperature dropped to minus 48F Wednesday, with the wind chill pegged at minus 65F, making it the coldest reporting location in the United States.

Even Hell, Michigan, froze over, with the temperature expected to drop to minus 26F Wednesday night into Thursday.

In Chicago, some train services were suspended after the extreme cold caused wiring problems.

In Rochester, Minnesota, home of the Mayo Clinic, temperatures dropped to minus 27F and all municipal transit services were suspended after buses began experiencing mechanical difficulties.

Michigan Gov. Gretchen Whitmer urged Michiganders in the Lower Peninsula to turn their thermostats down to 65F or lower, citing “extremely high demand for natural gas and a facility incident.”

See entire very comprehensive article:
https://www.msn.com/en-us/news/us/polar-vortex-death-toll-rises-as-arctic-blast-keeps-the-midwest-in-a-deep-freeze/ar-BBSZCnD?li=BBnb7Kz

The post Cold records shattered across the Midwest appeared first on Ice Age Now.

via Ice Age Now

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January 31, 2019 at 04:31PM

NOAA 2018-19 Winter Outlook: Another Mild Winter

Guest essay by Eric Worrall

As late as last October NOAA’s climate models were predicting a milder than normal winter.

Another mild winter? NOAA’s 2018-19 winter outlook

Author: Mike Halpert
October 22, 2018

The air is starting to feel crisp, the leaves are changing, and the aroma of pumpkin spice lattes are filling your favorite coffee shops.  This can only mean one thing – it’s time for my annual post on NOAA’s expectations for the upcoming winter!  And once again, one of the key players is found in the tropical Pacific.  In contrast with the last two years, when we were looking at potential La Niña development, this year we’re waiting to see if El Niño will arrive in time to impact winter.  Without further ado, let’s take a look at NOAA’s 2018-19 Winter Temperature and Precipitation Outlook and see how ENSO has affected this forecast.

As usual: Outlooks are probabilistic, so no guarantees
Wait, just one more thing before jumping to the outlooks.  I again remind readers (if this seems repetitive, well, it is) that these forecasts are provided in terms of probabilities (% chance) for below, near, or above average outcomes with the maps showing only the most likely outcome (1).  Because the probabilities on these and all CPC outlook maps are less than 100%, there is no guarantee you will see temperature or precipitation departures from normal that match the color on the map.  As we’ve explained in earlier blog posts, even when one outcome is more likely than another, there is still always a chance that a less favored outcome will occur.  And in fact, for the forecasts to be reliable (a critical part of a probabilistic forecast), less likely outcomes MUST happen from time to time.

Outlook for 2018/19 winter
Finally, the outlooks!  Both the temperature and precipitation outlooks depend to a certain extent on typical El Niño impacts, but forecasters think a weak El Niño event is most likely. This means that despite the potential for El Niño, confidence in this outlook is less than we had than during recent strong events like in the winter of 2015/16 (more on confidence below).

This lower confidence is reflected in fairly modest probabilities for the temperature outlook, with the largest probabilities only between 50-60% for above normal temperatures in Hawaii, Alaska, and parts of the Pacific Northwest and northern Rockies.  The other shaded regions on the map indicate probabilities between 33-50%, meaning that the forecast only tilts modestly towards above normal temperatures.  And while no areas of the country are favored to have below normal temperatures, it certainly wouldn’t be surprising for some areas to experience below normal temperatures this winter.  This would be most likely in the white areas labeled EC (more on that later).

Places where the forecast odds favor a much colder than usual winter (blue colors) or much warmer than usual winter (red), or where the probability of a cold winter, a warm winter, or a near-normal winter are all equal (white). The darker the color, the stronger the chance of that outcome (not the bigger the departure from average). NOAA Climate.gov map, based on data from NOAA CPC.

Read more: https://www.climate.gov/news-features/blogs/enso/another-mild-winter-noaa’s-2018-19-winter-outlook (PDF here)

Now that the observed conditions are a little colder than their October mild winter forecast, NOAA seem to be blaming global warming and warmer oceans for the deep freeze.

via Watts Up With That?

http://bit.ly/2DNbdiy

January 31, 2019 at 04:05PM