By Paul Homewood
Timera Energy have an interesting post up on battery storage:
Battery storage flexibility is a key building block of a decarbonised power sector.’
This statement is not a myth. In fact it is almost a truism.
Intermittent renewables will dominate electricity supply in a decarbonised world. Wind and solar output require a low carbon source of flexible backup. Rapidly declining battery costs will facilitate broad deployment. Sound familiar?
While there is a broad consensus around the vision for batteries, the practical details of the business model and investment case for individual battery projects is less clear. In today’s article we challenge three ‘myths’ currently circulating in relation to battery investment.
‘Myth’ 1: Batteries shift load to smooth renewable output
While in theory batteries can be paired with renewables to smooth intermittent output, this does not represent a viable business model to support battery investment. There are three main reasons for this:
- Duration: Investment is currently focused on 0.5-2.0 hour lithium-ion batteries, which are seeing the steepest & fastest cell cost declines. The short duration of these batteries significantly limits the volumes of energy that can be moved between time periods.
- Degradation: A focus on shifting load requires deep cycling. This shortens the life of lithium-ion batteries and accelerates the costs of cell replacement, undermining project economics.
- Returns: Cycling batteries to shift load is not commercially optimal. The returns from load shifting (e.g. full cycle to capture cheapest offpeak hour vs highest price peak hour) are well below those required to support investment.
Maximising battery returns involves the complex optimisation of battery optionality against multiple markets including wholesale (e.g. day-ahead and within-day prices), balancing markets and network services.
The logic above does not preclude successful co-location of batteries with solar or wind projects. But the benefits of doing this are focused on cost reductions (e.g. shared infrastructure & connection) and portfolio risk diversification, not on load shifting.
Battery flexibility will also play a key role in dampening price fluctuations which are driven by intermittent renewable output. But with shorter duration batteries this is via multiple shallow cycles to respond to short term price volatility rather than deep cycling in order to shift load.
A viable investment case for longer duration, deeper cycling storage solutions (e.g. flow batteries) looks to be at least five years away.
Full post is here.
The rest of the analysis concerns itself with potential financial returns, which may occur in certain niche situations.
But it is Myth 1 which really sums up why, given current technology, we cannot rely on battery storage to solve the problem of intermittent renewable energy.
via NOT A LOT OF PEOPLE KNOW THAT
April 15, 2019 at 12:54PM