Challenges of underground hydrogen storage in porous media

Another ‘net zero’ stumbling block for climate-obsessed governments is investigated by researchers. This time it’s the question of where and how to keep all the hydrogen – assuming it can be produced from renewables on an industrial scale in the first place.
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Large-scale storage of hydrogen remains largely untested but is essential if hydrogen is to realize its potential to make a significant contribution to achieving net-zero emissions, says TechXplore.

A new perspectives paper sets out the key scientific challenges and knowledge gaps in large scale hydrogen storage in porous geological environments.

These underground hydrogen reservoirs could be used as energy storages to face high demand periods.

The article, authored by Niklas Heinemann and co-authored by GEO3BCN-CSIC researchers Juan Alcalde and Ramon Carbonell, has been recently published in the journal Energy and Environmental Science.

Hydrogen is attracting global attention for its potential to help decarbonise transport, heating and energy-intensive industries, such as chemicals and steel-making. Furthermore, it can help alleviate a key drawback of renewable energy generation: its intermittency. Excess renewable energy can be converted to hydrogen through electrolysis (green hydrogen) and stored to be converted later in electricity to be used in periods of high-energy demand.

“These energy storage facilities, for example, could help to keep electricity prices stable in unexpected situations such as cold waves occurring in winter season” says Juan Alcalde, researcher at Geosciences Barcelona—CSIC (GEO3BCN-CSIC) and co-author of the article.

The authors of the study set some of the main uncertainties that need to be addressed by future multidisciplinary research. How can hydrogen be safely stored? What will be the dynamic of the hydrogen once injected in the subsurface reservoir? Which are the chemical processes that will occur inside the reservoir and how will these affect the operations? What happens with hydrogen-consuming microbes in the reservoir?

“The paper evaluates the emerging research on hydrogen storage, identifying the key challenges that must be addressed to enable global deployment,” says Niklas Heinemann, leading author of the study and researcher of the University of Edinburgh.

“It provides an authoritative account of the factors that make hydrogen storage in porous geological media unique and addresses the unknowns that are likely to set the research agenda in future.”

Full article here.

via Tallbloke’s Talkshop

January 30, 2021 at 03:48AM

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